Maryland Energy Quick Facts

  • Maryland has few energy resources. Minor coal reserves are found in the Appalachian Mountains in western Maryland. Wind power potential is found in the Chesapeake Bay, off the Atlantic Coast, and in the Appalachian Mountains. The Susquehanna River in the north is a source of hydroelectric power. Maryland’s economy is not energy-intensive, and per capita energy consumption is low.

Maryland Energy Consumption Estimates

  • Maryland’s coal reserves are found mainly in the Appalachian Mountains of western Maryland.
  • Wind power is also generated in the Appalachian Mountains as well as in the Chesapeake Bay off the Atlantic Coast.
  • Hydroelectric power is produced from the Susquehanna River in the north.
  • Petroleum in Maryland is supplied by the Colonial Pipeline.  Running north from the Gulf coast the pipeline runs through the state on the way to the Northeastern states.  The state’s petroleum is also received via the Port of Baltimore.

Maryland Energy Production

  • The state has a liquefied natural gas facility at Cove Point on the Chesapeake Bay.  Natural gas is the predominate fuel used for heating homes in Maryland.

Maryland Energy Consumption by Sector

  • Most of the state’s electricity comes from coal powered plants.  About one quarter of the state’s electricity is sources from the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power plant.  One in 3 Maryland households rely on electricity for heater their homes.

Maryland Electricity Generation by Source

  • Maryland’s current renewable energy standards require that 20 of the state’s electricity come from renewable energy sources by 2022.
  • Energy prices in Maryland are above the U.S. average for substantially all sources.  Residential electricity rates are about 4% higher than the U.S. average, while Industrial electricity rates are over 20% higher than the U.S. average.

Maryland Energy Prices


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